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Thuburbo Majus

Zaghouan, Tunisia

Thuburbo Majus

The initial "t" of the toponym attests to the Libyan origin of the city, but the time of its foundation is unknown. It is only known that she sided, during the Punic wars, on the side of Carthage against Rome and that it later earned him a heavy tribute. In 27 BC, Octave Auguste settled in his neighborhood a colony of Italian veterans alongside the natives. It was not until 188 that the two twin cities merged and the city entered an era of great prosperity, endowing itself with sumptuous public monuments and beautiful homes.
Thuburbo experienced a decline in the middle of the third century before a brilliant rebirth in the fourth century, leading it to proclaim itself Respublica Felix Thuburbo Majus. The vandal invasion, in the middle of the fifth century, put an end to the prosperity of the city and brought it back to the rank of a town that was soon to be deserted after the Arab conquest.

The site is quite extensive, about 40 hectares. Partially excavated, it is "padded" many buildings, mostly monumental, such as the capitol, with its 6 columns in front and two back high of 8.50m and 0.85cm in diameter; or the temple of Peace and that of Mercury, the temple of Caelestis, patron saint of the city, that of Ceres, transformed into a basilica in the 4th century, the summer and winter baths, without counting the market, the district residential…

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